This analysis, by a large international author team led by Lulu Song, shows that recycling can deliver substantial emission reductions, but not enough to meet climate targets. Instead, we have to radically decarbonize production and consumption or simply consume less. Whilst the article focuses on China, the same patterns are likely to be valid in other countries and globally. See here the article. See also here for a summary reflection on the findings.
Image: Astrid Westvang.